In this marketing year, Ukraine expects to export about 65-70 million tons of grain and oil crops. We are talking about 22 million tons of residues from last harvest and 38-43 million tons of this year’s harvest.
At the same time, domestic consumption in Ukraine is about 20 million tons.
Taras Vysotskyi, First Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine, said this during the online briefing ” Current status of Ukrainian agriculture, harvest and transport logistics in Ukraine and prospects for the western European markets”.
The event was organized by the Danau Soya Organisation at Donauboerse in Vienna, where the Ukrainian ministry has a national stand on 2 September.
According to him, today the optimal level of utilization of the capacities of highways, river ports and railways has been reached – about 3 million tons per month. And the Ministry of Agricultural Policy is currently working on expanding the volume of cargo that goes through the grain corridor of sea ports, as well as through the railway.
The goal is 5-6 million tons of total export of agricultural products per month, as it was before the war.
Among the main crops exported today are corn, wheat, sunflower oil, and rapeseed.
Among the main problems of Ukrainian agricultural producers, as noted by Taras Vysotskyi, is the increase in the cost of production, because high prices for energy resources mean high prices for fertilizers and fuel, while at the same time, logistics remain quite expensive.
“So far, Ukrainian farmers sell their products for a price that barely covers the cost price. Our goal is to give them the opportunity to invest in their production,” he emphasized.
The First Deputy Minister also spoke about the progress of the harvest. So, currently, almost 25 million tons of grain have been collected, and 60% of the sown areas have been cultivated.
So far, the collection of wheat (more than 19 million tons), barley (5.5 million tons), rapeseed (about 3 million tons) has already been completed. Harvesting of soybeans, sunflowers and corn begins. According to the forecast, we should receive 10 million tons, 3.5 million tons, and 27 million tons, respectively.
Also, farmers have already started sowing winter crops. A fairly good focus of their attention is focused on rapeseed – the area under it should not decrease, but under winter wheat they will decrease somewhat.
“Ukrainian farmers have somewhat reoriented themselves from grain crops to oil crops. We see an increase in the share of soybeans, rapeseed, and sunflower. First of all, this is due to problems with logistics. It is also obvious that farmers want to grow crops that have a higher added value, a higher price per ton, because the logistics costs are the same,” said Taras Vysotskyi.
In his opinion, the same situation will be observed in 2023.